However, there seems to be no strong incentive for providing socially desirable answers regarding the perception of group climate. Moreover, perception based on experiences rather than more objective information can be expected to influence subsequent behavior and developmental outcomes Steinberg, Finally, the number of consulted reported incidents in official systems could be an underestimation of the total number of incidents occurring at the groups Ros et al.
Despite these limitations, this study was the first to investigate whether there are differences between the perception of group climate in various types of residential youth care and whether these differences were related to the occurrence of aggressive incidents. It was found that the perception of group climate in open institutions is related to aggressive incidents. Findings imply that there are possibilities for influencing the number of aggressive incidents by working towards a more positive group climate, at least in open institutions.
Furthermore, this study provides empirical support for the relation between length of stay and aggressive incidents. However, more research is needed to establish the direction of this relation. Group climate may be an antecedent of aggressive incidents, but aggressive incidents may also be a precursor of group climate. Yet, following the results, it is advised that ongoing training of group workers is facilitated, concentrating on providing support, future perspective to the adolescents, and creating a safe atmosphere where learning becomes possible. In creating a positive group climate in open institutions, the occurrence of aggressive incidents may decrease.
In semi-secure and secure institutions, more attention should be given to create possibilities for growth. Residential care should contribute to the development of adolescents and a positive group climate, and less aggressive incidents may contribute to better treatment results. Skip to main content. Article Menu. Download PDF.
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Request Permissions View permissions information for this article. Aggressive Incidents in Residential Youth Care. Ellen Eltink. Geert-Jan Stams.
Inge Wissink. Article information. Article Information Volume: 62 issue: 13, page s : Article first published online: February 28, ; Issue published: October 1, Email: e. Keywords aggression , group climate , residential youth care , adolescents , incidents. Aggression and Group Climate. Measuring Instruments. Aggression incidents.
View larger version. View Abstract. Article available in:. Vol 62, Issue 13, Journal of Interpersonal Violence. Evelyn Heynen and more International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comp Peer van der Helm and more The Prison Journal. Crossref G.
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